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Classic Sponge Cake Recipe

Classic Sponge Cake

Danny Bradley
Perfect to brighten up any day, this is a quick, simple and versatile recipe to make the perfect sponge cake. Great for a tea time treat to share with family and friends.
Prep Time 30 minutes
Cook Time 25 minutes
Total Time 55 minutes
Course Afternoon Tea
Servings 8 slices


For the cake:

  • 225 g unsalted butter, or baking spread softened
  • 225 g caster sugar
  • 4 free-range eggs large
  • 225 g self-raising flour sifted
  • 3/4 teaspoon baking powder
  • 1 pinch salt
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract optional

For the filling:

  • 4 tablespoons of jam traditionally strawberry or raspberry, but your choice.
  • Fresh whipped double cream or butter cream (optional)
  • A little caster sugar or icing sugar if preferred, for dusting



  • Preheat the oven to 180ºC/Fan 160ºC/Gas Mark 4 and prepare two deep sandwich tins. Those which I use for this recipe are 20cm rounds.
  • In your bowl, cream together the butter and caster sugar until it is pale, light and fluffy. This is one of the most important stages as it incorporates air into the mix which will result in a well-risen cake that is light and fluffy.
  • Add a quarter of the eggs into the mix with a tablespoon of flour, beating well. Continue adding the eggs and flour at the same ratio until the eggs have been fully incorporated into the mix.
  • Sieve the remaining flour and baking powder into the bowl. Add a pinch of salt and the vanilla extract. Then gently fold in the ingredients until it becomes smooth and all ingredients are blended well.
  • Divide the mixture equally between the two cake tins.
  • Bake in your pre-heated oven for around 25 minutes or until well risen and springy to the touch. Leave to cool slightly and then turn out onto a wire rack.
  • If using a cream filling, prepare whilst the cake is cooling.
  • Once the cake is completely cooled, spread the jam over the base of one sponge (and cream on the base of the second). Sandwich both layers together.
  • Sprinkle with some caster sugar or sifted icing sugar to finish.


  • Weigh and double weigh your ingredients – accuracy is key when baking so make sure your measurements are correct.
  • The size of eggs can vary considerably, which in turn can have a negative impact on the end result of your cake. It’s always worth checking the volume of your weighing your eggs as well to check they are appropriate for the ingredient ratio we are using. For example, this recipe calls for 225g flour, sugar and butter, so the 4 eggs should also measure 225ml. If your eggs come in below 225ml you can make up the extra using milk. If above? Then increase the ratio of ingredients to suit i.e. for eggs measuring 250ml, use 250g of flour, butter and sugar, thus keeping the ratio’s the same. Just remember that increasing ratios will impact back time (and size of cake!). 
  • Pressed for time? You can also make this using the 'all in one' method i.e. add all of the ingredients to the bowl and mix together well. Just increase the amount of baking powder to 1.5 teaspoons to compensate. 
Keyword Classic Sponge, Simple, Sponge Cake, Tea Time